Athens represents Greek philosophy, and by extension, all pagan philosophy and literature; Jerusalem represents Christian believers, and by extension, the Scriptures.May 1, 2018
Relations between the two countries are also reinforced by the over two millennia old Jewish presence in Greece (see Romaniotes), while Jerusalem is home to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, one of the original five Pentarchies of early Christianity.
Jaroslav Pelikan, What has Athens to do with Jerusalem? : Timaeus and Genesis in counterpoint. Jerome lectures ; 21.
These are questions that Tertullian, one of the early fathers of the Church, summed up when he asked, “What hath Athens to do with Jerusalem?” Tertullian’s question seems to pit the culture of these two ancient cities against one another, as if they are somehow inconsistent.May 29, 2018
For Christians, Jerusalem is also the place where Jesus preached, died and was resurrected. Many also see the city as central to an imminent Second Coming of Jesus. Jerusalem is now a major pilgrimage site for Christians from around the world.
In the late 330s BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the Middle East (including the area which is now Israel and Palestine), during his campaigns against the Achaemenid Empire.
Athens represents Greek philosophy, and by extension, all pagan philosophy and literature; Jerusalem represents Christian believers, and by extension, the Scriptures. His question has been asked – and answered – down through the centuries, and continues today, particularly with the resurgence of classical education.
Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.
What concord is there between the Academy and the Church?” He argued that science and philosophy (represented by Athens) cannot lead one to religious faith (represented by Jerusalem). He believed Christian belief to be a matter of the heart rather than the mind.
Jesus: “If they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.” Jesus wept and predicted the destruction of Jerusalem.
From a religious perspective, the Bible, which mentions Jerusalem more than any other place (about 800 times), states, “the Lord has chosen Jerusalem and will dwell there forever” (Psalm 132:13-14) and expressly calls upon God’s people to never forget Jerusalem and to “exalt it above their chief joy” (Psalm 137:5-6).
About 5,020 years
For the next several centuries, the land of modern-day Israel was conquered and ruled by various groups, including the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians, Mamelukes, Islamists and others.
“What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?” Tertullian’s famous question, propounded within two centuries of the death of Jesus, reflects perhaps the unease with which some Christians greeted the (by then) quite obvious Hellenization of their community.
Aurelius Augustinus, commonly know as St. Augustine, was one of the most influential philosophers and theologians in world history. Although Augustine lived and wrote more than 800 years after the philosopher Plato, the ancient Greek and his followers heavily influenced Augustine’s thinking.
Terms in this set (39) -asked rhetorical question 1800 years ago”what does Athens have to do with Jerusalem”. -thought that Christians needed to choose between seeking knowledge through human reason (Athens) and faith (Jerusalem). -modern Tertullian might frame question as choice between science and religion.
Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom. … These conflicts eventually led to Athens losing power in Ancient Greece.
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
Athens was better than Sparta because, it had a better government, education system, and had more cultural achievements. … While in Sparta they had an oligarchy, a form of government in which the government power resides in the hands of select few; however in Athens they had a direct government.
They are also called the Western Fathers. … Like Origen, he is one of our Church Fathers who is not considered a saint. This is because in later life, Tertullian embraced the Montanist heresy (also known as “New Prophecy”), which accepted visions from certain new prophets who claimed inspiration from the Holy Spirit.
The first defense of the doctrine of the Trinity was in the early 3rd century by the early church father Tertullian. He explicitly defined the Trinity as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and defended his theology against “Praxeas”, though he noted that the majority of the believers in his day found issue with his doctrine.
He lamented because it had not been faithful to the covenant that made it a holy city. “How often have I desired to gather your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing!” Our standing as American Christians is a complicated one.
the New Jerusalem; heaven.
Mark 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the Gospel of Mark in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It contains Jesus’ predictions of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and disaster for Judea, as well as his eschatological discourse.
|Founded||1400 BCE (est.)|
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