Aztec temples were called, by the Mexica people of the empire, Teocalli – god houses. The priests of the Aztec religion went to these temples to worship and pray, and make offerings to the gods to keep them strong and in balance.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican civilization that built massive pyramids as a way to worship their gods. Many pyramids had a temple at the top, which was often used for human sacrifice. Temples were devoted to gods and could also have the remains of kings buried within them.
The Aztecs had many gods but worshipped Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war, above all others. … In order to postpone their destruction and appease the gods, men performed human sacrifices. Their duty was to feed the gods with human blood, thereby keeping the sun alive.
Most simple Aztec homes were built of adobe bricks, which are made using mud, sand, water and straw, then dried in the sun. There were no windows generally, and one open door. Wood for door jambs and support beams could be found outside the cities.
More temples have been discovered there than in any other Mesoamerican city. … Like many Mesoamerican pyramids, each was constructed around a core of rubble held in place by retaining walls. The walls were then faced with adobe bricks, and then covered with limestone.
MATOS MOCTEZUMA: The Aztec religion was primarily polytheist. They had different gods, male and female. The sun god was Tonatiuh. There were many deities, and they were revered in monthly festivities with rich offerings.
The Aztecs believed in an afterlife. After they died, they believed they would be assigned a job to do that helped their gods. The Aztec people took their gods very seriously. They believed their gods would punish them if they did not worship their gods every day.
What type of homes did they live in? Wealthy people lived in homes made of stone or sun-dried brick. The king of the Aztecs lived in a large palace with many rooms and gardens. All of the wealthy had a separate bathing room that was similar to a sauna or steam room.
The main tools that the Aztecs used were bows and spears. They used their resources to make those tools and with them, they caught food like fish, deer, rabbits, and iguanas. Another interesting resource was deerskin and bark because they used those materials as paper to keep geneaology and a record of their people.
Aztec warriors were taught from childhood in weapons handling and they became expert users of clubs, bows, spears, and darts. Protection from the enemy was provided via round shields (chimalli), and, more rarely, helmets.
Like the Mayan pyramids, their temples were important because of their ritual value. … Mayan temples, similar to those of the Aztecs, normally housed altars or stone platforms where the priests would perform thier sacrificial rituals to their god.
Yes, the Aztecs ate dogs. In fact, they raised the animals mostly for food. The archaeologists working in Azcapotzalco plan to dig deeper to see if they can uncover clues to the meaning of the dog cemetery.
Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés overthrew the Aztec Empire by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.
The Mayans consumed xocolatl on a daily basis, much like how we drink our morning coffee. That changed drastically when the Mayan civilization gave way to the Aztecs. The Aztec people did not grow their own cocoa beans and had to trade for the beans. Therefore, they placed a higher value on the xocolatl drink.
After the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, the lands controlled by the Aztecs became part of the Spanish empire. All the temples, including the Templo Mayor, were sacked, taking all objects of gold and other precious materials.
Every building and temple was built by hand, stone by stone. The masterpieces were the west-facing double-stair pyramidal temples in the sun. Unlike Egyptian pyramids, Aztec pyramids were flat on top to make sacrifices to the god for whom the temple was built.
The Aztecs used a complex calendar system characteristic of Mesoamerican civilisations. … It combined a count of 365 days based on the solar year with a separate calendar of 260 days based on various rituals. Every 52 years, both calendars would overlap and a new cycle would commence.
They developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a complex calendar system, and built famous pyramids and temples. Legend has it that the Aztecs wandered for many years in search of a sign, an eagle and a serpent fighting on a cactus, to show them where to found their city.
The Aztec religion incorporated deities from multiple cultures into its pantheon. Ritual sacrifice played an essential role in the religious practice of the Aztecs, and they believed it ensured the sun would rise again and crops would grow.
For example, women were tasked with caring for young children, preparing meals and repairing clothing. Some women worked as artisans or craftspeople and sold their creations in the many different markets that were so important to the Aztec economy.
The body parts of sacrificed slaves could be taken home and eaten with maize and salt as an extension of their sacrifice. It was a great honor to be given the opportunity to sacrifice a human in a public setting in the Aztec Empire.
Blowguns. Blowguns and poisoned darts were more often used in hunting, but Aztec warriors trained in ambush would bring along their tlacalhuazcuahuitl and darts tipped with poisonous tree frog secretions.
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